Macao is situated in the Pearl River Delta of Mainland China, and is approximately 60 kilometres southwest of Hong Kong.
Macao consists of the Macao Peninsula, Taipa Island and Coloane Island. The Macao Peninsula is connected to the Taipa Island by three bridges, and the two islands are linked up by an artificial isthmus.
Total population is around 600,000 and most of them are ethnic Chinese.
Chinese and Portuguese are the official languages, and the most widely spoken dialect is Cantonese. Many residents also understand Putonghua, and English is generally used in trade, tourism and commerce.
The economy of Macao is led by its tourism and gaming industry. Together with manufacturing, finance and insurance as well as construction and real estates, they are regarded as the main industries of Macao economy. The signing of the "Mainland and Macao Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement" in 2003 has broadened the trade boundary and strengthened economic cooperation between the two places. The arrangement also attracts foreign investment from different parts of the world.