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Job Hunting Information

Job Hunting Briefcase

Job Hunting Briefcase

Choose your career

Know yourself and the market well

"What kind of job should I look for?" The so-called "know yourself and know others" means job seekers must understand themselves and the labour market to avoid wasting time or missing any employment opportunities.

Know yourself – Understand yourself

  • This is the first step in job hunting. Job seekers should clearly understand their own personality traits and job preference, and choose their job accordingly;
  • You can understand yourself better through analysing and reviewing various aspects like your personality, interests, ability, merits, qualifications, job preference and job expectation. Knowing yourself will not only help you establish your career goal and choose a suitable job, but also in answering questions during interview.

Know others – Understand the prevailing labour market and industry situation

  • Apart from understanding yourself, you should pay attention to changes in the labour market and analyse the prevailing job market situation, so as to set a realistic target for job hunting;
  • The labour market changes frequently and rapidly. To get employed, you should be ready to make adjustments accordingly. The latest market information can be obtained through different channels including newspapers, magazines, electronic media as well as Internet;
  • In addition, you should keep abreast of the development of various trades and industries, and have a better understanding of their recruitment channels, entry requirements for various positions as well as prospects and potential for long-term development. You then have better equipped yourself and prepared to face challenges ahead.

Ways to Collect Vacancies Information

With proper use of various job-searching channels, you can access vacancy information and increase your chance of success. You can collect vacancy information through the following means:

  1. Employment Services of Labour Department

    The Labour Department provides free and user-friendly employment service to help job seekers secure suitable jobs. A comprehensive range of services are provided to job seekers through its Job Centres, the Recruitment Centres for the Catering Industry, Retail Industry and Construction Industry, Interactive Employment Service website, “Interactive Employment Service” mobile applications and Telephone Employment Service.

    Interactive Employment Service website: www.jobs.gov.hk
    Telephone Employment Service Hotline: 2969 0888

    Job seekers can make use of the facilities installed at the Job Centres including telephones, fax machines, user-friendly vacancy search terminals and computers with Internet functions to search for suitable vacancies and prepare résumés and application letters. Job seekers may get job referrals from the Job Centres or Telephone Employment Service Centre, or approach employers directly if their contact means are printed on the job order cards.

    Vacancy Search Terminals are also installed in Public Enquiry Service Centres of the Home Affairs Department, Social Security Field Units of the Social Welfare Department, Housing Department, Employees Retraining Board Service Centres and non-government organizations providing employment services.

  2. Newspapers and magazines
    • Recruitment advertisements on job vacancies of private establishments and public organizations.
  3. Internet
    • Interactive Employment Service website www.jobs.gov.hk;
    • Employment websites: job vacancies of private establishments and public organizations;
    • Some companies also post up job vacancies on their own websites;
    • Civil Service Bureau website: http://www.csb.gov.hk.(Government job vacancies are uploaded here)
  4. Private employment agencies
    • Job referrals for job seekers;
    • According to the Employment Agency Regulations, employment agencies should not charge the job seekers any fees other than commission, and for each successful placement, a commission not more than 10% of the first month’s wages could be charged from a job seeker.
  5. Large-scale job fairs/recruitment days
    • The Labour Department regularly organises large-scale job fairs for employers and job seekers. Job seekers may apply for jobs with participating employers. Employers would accept direct job applications and some may conduct job interviews on the spot as well;
    • Job Centres, Recruitment Centre for the Catering Industry and Recruitment Centre for the Retail Industry of the Labour Department also regularly organise regional or targeted trade job fairs for employers and job seekers. Participating employers would accept direct job applications and conduct on-the-spot job interviews;
    • Some companies organise their own recruitment days. Job seekers may attend such recruitment activity and submit their applications/attend interviews at the designated dates, time and venues.
  6. Referrals by your family members or friends
    • Your friends and relatives may be able to get job interviews or referrals for you.
  7. Recommend yourself to potential employer
    • Write to companies or organizations and apply for posts you are interested in even if they have not placed any recruitment advertisements;
    • You may learn about the business activities and structure of a company from its website and annual report. After confirming the name and post title of the staff in charge of recruitment, you can write to him directly to apply for a suitable post.

Job Application

The application method such as application via telephone, interview by appointment and submission of an application letter and résumé are usually set out in the recruitment advertisements. If a suitable vacancy is advertised, you should submit an application promptly.

Contact employer direct by phone

When making a call to the person taking charge of recruitment, you should:

  • choose a quiet place to contact the potential employer, and bring along a pen and a piece of paper to jot down simple notes;
  • briefly introduce yourself and explain the purpose in your call;
  • state clearly the post you want to apply and the source of vacancy information;
  • be calm, polite and confident;
  • jot down clearly details such as date, time and place of interview, contact person and documents to be brought along if you are granted an interview;
  • confirm the arrangement of interview and express your gratitude before ending the telephone conversation;
  • should there be no vacancy available at the moment, you may try to leave your contact means so that the company could contact you easily thereafter;
  • stay on the line and let the potential employer hang up first.

Writing application letter and résumé

After posting a recruitment advertisement, the employer will receive a lot of application letters and résumés. To secure an interview, apart from possession of the qualifications as required by the employer, you need to submit a well-written application letter and a résumé that help you stand out amongst all applications and create a good impression on the recruiting employer.

Before writing…
You should

  • understand the qualifications and requirements of the post for preparing a tailor- made application letter and résumé;
  • list your qualifications first
    • such as education background, work experience etc. so that any important information will not be missed out in the résumé;
  • use clean white paper and envelope
    • you need to print your application letter and résumé on clean white paper and envelope;
  • refer to templates of application letters and résumés for the style which suits you most.

When writing application letter and résumé…

  • Confine to one to two pages;
  • Choose the appropriate font size and line spacing;
  • Specify your strengths and qualifications which meet the requirements of the post;
  • State your career goals
    • List how your career goals can match the post you applied for, and to convince your prospective employer that you are the most suitable candidate;
  • Don’t provide false information
    • Exaggerated or false information will raise doubts about your integrity, resulting in the loss of faith in you. This will have adverse effect on your job application;
  • Don’t provide excessive personal information in your résumé
    • During the application stage, employers do not expect to collect from job seekers excessive personal data, such as Identity Card number, credit card account number, bank account number in the résumé. Personal information would be collected on a need basis upon job offers are made;
  • Use computer and printer for a final printout
    • This will give an impression of neatness;
  • Don’t make corrections with correction fluid or eraser
    • Make a new printout in case of typos and omissions;
  • Use proper email address
    • Job seekers should use proper email addresses for sending job applications, leaving a good impression to the prospective employers.

Application letter

  • Concise and to-the-point; avoid long sentences and paragraphs;
  • Put down information that is of relevance and importance to the potential employer;
  • Explain that you are the most suitable candidate for the post and persuade the employer to grant you an interview;
  • Pay attention to grammar and watch out for typos or wrong words;
  • Remember to sign the application letter personally.

Résumé

  • Neat and orderly arrangement
    • Use point form and headings;
  • List qualifications in chronological sequence
    • Usually start with the most recent one when listing qualifications like academic achievements and work experience;.
  • Put down information relevant to what is mentioned in the application letter;
  • List out skills and experience/professional qualifications relevant and vital to the post you apply for;
  • Young job seekers lacking work experience may provide information on extra-curricular activities in the résumé to give the employer a more comprehensive understanding of their personality and abilities.

Before sending out…

  • Check again whether the grammar, information of yourself and the employer are correct;
  • Make sure that the application letter and the résumé are put in the right envelope if you are applying for a number of posts at the same time;
  • Enclose copies of certificates, if specified in the recruitment advertisement;
  • Keep a copy of the application letter and the résumé for reference in case you are granted an interview.

Application letter & CV template

(Sample in Chinese)

收件人︰abcdhr@xxx.com.hk
主題︰應徵會計文員
發件人: leewy@xxx.com.hk

王小姐﹕

應徵會計文員

     本人從星光日報九月二十日的招聘廣告獲悉 貴公司聘請會計文員,故特致函應徵。

隨函附上求職信及履歷表,以供參考。敬希 貴公司賜予本人面試機會。

應徵者李詠怡謹上


九龍尖沙咀廣東道178號
大志商業中心32樓
翹楚國際有限公司
人力資源部經理
王曉盈小姐

王小姐﹕

應徵會計文員

     本人從星光日報九月二十日的招聘廣告得悉 貴公司聘請會計文員,現特致函應徵。

     本人完成中五課程後,在香港商務學院修讀專業會計進階文憑課程,於2013年畢業並考獲優異成績。本人亦已考獲英國倫敦商會簿記(初級)與簿記及會計(中級)的專業認可資格。

     自香港商務學院畢業後,本人隨即加入天下有限公司,擔任初級會計文員。主要工作包括協助會計主任處理收支賬目記綠、跟進及整理客戶各項賬目等。本人汲取了不少會計工作經驗,僱主對本人的工作表現亦有很高的評價。倘若有機會加入 貴公司工作,本人定必竭盡所能,把所學及經驗應用在工作上,為公司作出貢獻。

     隨函附上個人履歷,懇請閱覽,並希賜予面試機會。

     敬祝

工作愉快

 

應徵者李詠怡謹啟

二零一三年九月二十一日

附件: 一、履歷表

履歷表

個 人 資 料

姓 名: 尹浩恭 (Wan Ho Kung, Steve)
地 址: 香港同昇街同昇大廈十九樓A室
電話號碼: 9113 XXXX / 2112 XXXX
電郵地址: stevewan@xxx.com.hk
   
申 請 職 位 文員

學 歷

2007-2013 香港協一中學 (中一至中五)

學 歷 或 專 業 考 試

香港中學文憑考試 2013: 科目 成績 科目 成績
中國語文 5** 生物 4
英國語文 5* 物理 5
數學 5 化學 4
通識教育 5*

工 作 經 驗

2012年7月至8月︰ 文員(高昇貿易公司)
職務包括︰
- 接聽電話及解答一般查詢
- 分發來往書信
- 資料輸入

課 外 活 動

2011 – 2012 中文學會幹事
2007 – 2013 香港紅十字會青年團團員

技 能

中英文打字: 中文每分鐘40字,英文每分鐘50字
電腦技能: MS Word, Excel, PowerPoint
語言能力: 流利廣東話、英語及普通話; 中、英文書寫達流暢程度

上 任 日 期

可立即上班


諮詢人

因應要求奉上


(Sample in English)

To: abcdhr@xxx.com.hk
Subject: Application for the Post of Graphic Design Assistant (Ref: 390505/ GDA/SP)
From: stephenyung@xxx.com.hk

Dear Miss Lau,

     With reference to the advertisement in the Success Morning Post of 14th September 2013, I would like to apply for the post of Graphic Design Assistant.

     I enclose my application letter and résumé for your kind reference.

     I look forward to hearing from you soon.

Yours sincerely,
Yung Chi Kit, Stephen


Flat A, 23/F.,
2000 Queen's Road,
Wai Chai, Hong Kong

15th September 2013

Miss Jacqueline Lau
Director of Human Resources
The Perfect Group
Room 4018, Perfect Tower,
1 Island Road, Hong Kong.


Dear Miss Lau,


Application for the Post of Graphic Design Assistant (Ref: 390505/SA/SP)


     With reference to the advertisement in the Success Morning Post of 14th September 2013, I am writing to apply for the post of Graphic Design Assistant.

     I have been working in Design Mind Limited as Graphic Designer Trainee after completing my secondary school education in May 2013. My duties are to assist the Senior Designer in design layout and artwork production. During my employment, I have also completed an evening course on Photoshop and Adobe Illustrator. Should I be able to get the job, I will bring my personal experience and what I have learnt to the company.

     Enclosed is my résumé for your kind reference. I look forward to having an opportunity for an interview in which I can further present my suitability for this position.


     Thank you for your time and consideration.

Yours sincerely,

Yung Chi Kit, Stephen


  Encl.
  Resume


Ho Siu Ling (何小羚)
Flat A, 10/F., High View Mansion,
Hong Kong Lane, Hong Kong.
Contact numbers: 9000 XXXX / 2323 XXXX
E-mail address: siulingho@xxx.com.hk


POSITION APPLIED FOR:Administrative Officer

EMPLOYMENT HISTORY
12/2010-Present Assistant Administrative Officer, Hong Kong Company Limited

Job duties
  • handling office administration and general affairs of the company
  • preparing documents and reports related to leasing of property
  • assisting in project administration and coordination
  • participating in office renovation and relocation
7/2009 – 12/2010 Administrative Assistant, BCB Company Limited

Job duties
  • providing administrative and secretarial support to the Admin & HR Department
  • handling daily business correspondence
  • organising and coordinating appointments and meetings

EDUCATION AND ACADEMIC QUALIFICATIONS
2007 – 2009Associate of Business Administration, Hong Kong School of Commerce
2005 – 2007St. Marvel College (Form 6 – Form 7)
Hong Kong Advanced Level Examination (2007)
Use of English(E)Business Studies(D)
Chinese Language and Culture(D)Mathematics and Statistics(E)
Economics(D)
2000 – 2005Novel Secondary School (Form 1 – Form 5)
Hong Kong Certificate of Education Examination (2005)
Chinese Language(C)Economics(C)
English Language (Syllabus B)(D)Geography(C)
Mathematics(C)Chinese History(D)
History(E)

LANGUAGES AND SKILLS
Proficient in MS Word, Excel, PowerPoint and Chinese Word Processing
English typing speed 50 w.p.m.
Fluent in Putonghua, Chinese and English; Fluent in Chinese and English writing

REFERENCES
References will be provided upon request

Interview

An interview is a two-way process. It is a good opportunity for a job seeker to present and “sell” his merits to the prospective employer. To employers, it is also the process to observe and assess whether the candidate is competent and sincere in taking up the job and whether he is the right person to be employed. Through the interview, the job seeker obtains information on the job duties, the requirements of the employer and the corporate culture so as to assess whether he is competent to take up the job and how best the job meets his expectations.

If you are invited to attend an interview, it means that you have preliminarily met the requirements of the company and the post. You should make good use of the chance, get well prepared and demonstrate your strengths as far as possible to convince the interviewer that you are the most suitable candidate.

Interview formats

Individual interview

  • This is the most common way of interview;
  • Interviewee is to answer questions raised by one or more interviewers.

Group interview

  • Several interviewees will be asked to discuss on some topics or to answer interviewers’ questions in turn;
  • The questions may not be related to the post you apply for and may be concerned with current affairs;
  • Prospective employers usually aim at assessing candidates’ analytical power, presentation skills, leadership and ability to respond to changes.

Online interview

  • This mode of interviews has been adopted by some employers recently;
  • Interviewee is to answer questions raised by one or more interviewers;
  • Job seekers should choose to attend the interview in a bright, tidy and quiet environment;
  • Job seekers should be dressed neatly and properly and should not neglect the importance of appearance in the online interview.

Skills Test

  • The purpose is to assess whether the candidate has the knowledge and skill required for the job. Such tests may include Chinese and English typing, computer operation and performing some work processes of the post you apply for;
  • Skill tests are often related to the work of the applied post.

Other tests

  • Chinese and English writing tests, mathematics tests, aptitude tests, etc. Some of the tests may be conducted on the Internet. In views of this, job seekers are better to acquire basic knowledge and skills on computer software applications.

Preparation for the Interview

"Inner" part

  • Gather information about the post and the organization, such as job nature and requirements, development and prospects of the trade, etc;
  • Assess your own personality, abilities and strengths and weaknesses with regard to the requirements of the post. Be prepared to promote your strengths, and show your potentials for improvements while answering the interviewers’ questions;
  • Practise the relevant skills related to the post you apply for, e.g. Chinese and English typing, computer software application, etc;
  • Double-check the information given in the application letter and the résumé to avoid inconsistencies;
  • Prepare concrete answers to common questions to be asked during the interview and rehearse the interview beforehand so that you will become more confident and less likely to get nervous in the interview. Workshops are also organised by various training bodies to help job seekers prepare for interviews;
  • Pay attention to current affairs and hot topics;
  • Prepare some questions about the post and the recruiting organization and raise them to the interviewers before the end of the interview;
  • Go to bed early the night before the interview
    • Sufficient sleep will keep you in high spirits, enhance your confidence and ability to respond to changes;
  • Being late for a job interview is undesirable. It upsets you and leaves a poor impression on the interviewer
    • Plan the route and find out the traffic condition of the place of interview beforehand
    • Arrive preferably 15 minutes before the scheduled time to allow yourself time to settle your mind and get ready for the interview.

"Objects" part

To attend an interview you should bring:

  • Hong Kong identity card;
  • ball pen;
  • résumé, both original and copies;
  • documents of academic qualifications, both original and copies;
  • proof of working experience, both original and copies (e.g. reference letter, resignation letter, etc);
  • passport photos;
  • employer’s address and telephone number;
  • mobile phone.

Key points

  • Get ready important documents like proof of academic qualifications and working experience and organise them systematically
    • To give the interviewer a good impression, make sure that you can produce the documents in good order for his inspection;
  • Don’t bring with you too many personal belongings or things which are not relevant to the interview.

Appearance

  • Be neat and tidy, from head to toe, behave naturally and keep poised;
  • Dress code should be simple, appropriate and commensurate with the job you apply for and the culture of the company;
  • Don’t dress too trendy and colourful, lest it gives an impression of immaturity and imprudence;
  • Women should avoid heavy make-up and dressing with too many accessories;
  • Men should be cleanly shaven.

Interview performance

Upon arriving at the company…

  • Remember to turn off your mobile phone;
  • Tell the staff politely the purpose of your visit and wait patiently;
  • If asked to fill in a job application form, you should refer to the résumé as far as possible and complete it carefully;
  • Don’t walk around or touch or use any items of staff in a carefree manner;
  • Don’t appear to be impatient and tired while waiting.

When you enter into the interview room...

  • Knock on the door before you go in; smile and greet the interviewers in a polite manner;
  • Let the interviewer decide whether to shake hand or not; shake hands with appropriate force;
  • Sit down when invited or prompted by the interviewer; be seated properly.

During the interview…

  • Keep calm and smiling, don’t be too reserved;
  • Be sincere and polite, but not too modest or humble;
  • The tone, volume and speed of your talk should be proper. The pronunciation should be clear and the tone be affirmative;
  • Don’t cross your arms in front of the chest, lest you would be mistaken as an unfriendly person;
  • Keep appropriate eye contact with the interviewers
    • Maintain eye contact with the interviewers to show your confidence and respect
    • Don’t stare at interviewers. It is impolite and makes them stressful;
  • Avoid gestures such as playing with your fingers, rubbing hands or patting your hair. The interviewer would have the impression that you are immature and lack of patience or confidence;
  • Listen carefully to the interviewers’ questions; answer them precisely and clearly. Don’t simply say “yes” or “no”. You should present the key points clearly;
  • You should nod where appropriate when listening to the interviewers to show your interest in the topic and agreement with the interviewers;
  • During group discussion
    • Join the discussion actively. Don’t be too passive;
    • Listen to others carefully and ready to respond or answer their questions promptly;
  • Don’t interrupt others’ conversations or questions;
  • When introducing your own abilities and experience, cite concrete examples to strengthen your persuasiveness and credibility. Don’t provide incorrect information to defraud the interviewers;
  • At the end of the interview, you may ask one to two questions about job duties, training and promotion prospects, showing your interest in applying for the post;
  • You should thank the interviewers and say goodbye before you leave.

Questions frequently asked during the interview

1. Please introduce yourself.

  • The information you provide should be job relevant.

2. What are your strengths?

  • Focus on skills and experience which are relevant to the post.

3. What is your weakness?

  • You should choose the easier way by mentioning just one or two weaknesses that have little adverse effect on the job you apply for and has no relevance to the requirements for the post;
  • Whether there are strengths and weaknesses depend on the point of view. You should talk from a positive angle when telling your weaknesses.

4. What are your hobbies and interests during leisure time?

  • Focus on those hobbies and interests that are related to the job;
  • Draw the attention of interviewers to your strengths and achievements.

5. Please tell us your work experience.

  • Give examples to explain your job duties and support the achievements and experience you have attained;
  • If you don’t have any work experience, you can talk about the training you have received and skills acquired, and relate them to the job you apply for.

6. Why do you apply for this job?

  • Explain the reasons why you are interested in the post, why you like to join the company and the trade;
  • Possessing the qualifications for the post should be one of the reasons why you apply for the job. You may elaborate on this point;
  • Explain how the post and company suit your interests, your expectation and opportunity for further development.

7. What do you know about our company? Why do you want to join our company?

  • You can tell what you know about the company and the industry to show your interest and your enthusiasm;
  • Before the interview, remember to collect and study information related to the company and the trade.

8. Are you willing to work shift/overtime or travel to and from the Mainland?

  • You can give a reply based on your actual situation, but don’t be preoccupied with your gains and losses;
  • Unless you have practical difficulties, you can indicate your willingness under reasonable circumstances.

9. Why do you want to quit your previous job? Why do you change your job frequently?

  • Speak out frankly if you have any objective reasons to change jobs, e.g. closing down of the company, but remember don’t tell lies;
  • Give positive reasons;
  • If your reason for resignation is for further development, such as exploring opportunities for career development, learning new working experience and skills, you can tell the interviewers direct;
  • You should emphasise how the experience and knowledge gained from the change of jobs are relevant to the job you are applying for;
  • When giving reasons for change of employment, don’t criticise your former employers and colleagues. For previous jobs, don’t show your dissatisfaction on the need to work overtime and the posting arrangements as the interviewers may have a negative impression on you.

10. Do you have any plan to pursue further studies in the near future?

  • Briefly describe your study plan, in particular those plans related to the post you apply for;
  • You can also stress that you are willing to pursue study in courses that are relevant to the post you are applying for;
  • Employers would think you are ambitious if you tell them you have plans for further study, but don’t exaggerate. Don’t tell lies.

11. Hypothetical questions:How would you handle a customer who makes trouble out of nothing? How would you handle conflicts between you and your boss/colleagues?

  • These questions are raised to test your ability to respond to changes. They relate to the real working environment;
  • You can try to answer these questions by using professional skills and common sense gained from your past working experience.

12. Questions on current affairs, e.g. hot social topics, government policies, etc.

  • Let interviewers know your viewpoints;
  • Be rational and objective when expressing your views;
  • If the interviewers don’t agree with you, don’t argue. You should discuss the issue with them calmly.

13. What is your expected salary?

  • If you have conducted a research on the salary trend in the market and you have set your bottom line, you may state your expected salary;
  • However, you should be flexible in negotiating with your potential employer by taking into account other factors like employee’s benefit, annual leave, training and promotion prospects.


14. Do you have any questions to ask?

  • You should grasp the chance to ask some questions which are related to the company and the post, showing your interest and sincerity for the job;
  • Avoid asking questions on employee’s benefit.

Interview follow-up and evaluation

Follow-up after interview

  • After the interview, you may follow up with the employer about the result of your interview
    • If you know the closing date for confirmation of suitable candidates for the job, you may telephone the employer to follow up the result a few days after the closing date. Alternatively, you may contact him after a reasonable period of time;
    • Don’t contact the employer too soon and too frequent;
    • Even if you have not been selected, you can take the opportunity to show your gratitude to the potential employer for granting you an interview;
  • Where appropriate, you can send thank you letter or e-mail to the potential employer for granting you an interview;
  • As the employer may arrange a second round of interview, you can jot down information and issues which have been discussed during the interview for future reference.

Evaluation after interview

Don’t be discouraged even if you have not been offered an appointment after an interview. Each interview is a valuable experience and a chance to learn. We should conduct self-evaluation after each interview. By doing this, we can improve and equip ourselves for the coming interviews. It will enhance our performance and increase the chance of success in future interviews.

After the interview, we should conduct an evaluation on the following aspects:

  1. Are you well prepared for the interview?
  2. Did you behave politely and use appropriate body language?
  3. Did you show confidence? If no, how to improve?
  4. Have you grasped the chance to present your strengths, expertise and working experience?
  5. Which kind of questions is the most difficult to handle during the interview?
  6. If you think your answer was not good, how to answer them in a better way?
  7. Which part of the interview you were doing fine?
  8. What are the areas for improvement?

Beware of employment traps

Swindlers take advantage of job seekers’ eagerness to find jobs and defraud them of money or other benefits. As employment traps emerge in different forms, job seekers should always stay alert and be cautious to avoid falling into these traps and suffering any losses.

The video at http://www.isd.gov.hk/eng/tvapi/14_ld192.html shows you some common job scams and tips to avoid falling into these traps.

The followings are some of the common employment traps. Job seekers should be alert, seek advice and assistance when necessary.

Trap 1 Pyramid Selling Schemes

Some marketing or direct sales companies attract job seekers by advertising handsome pay posts, and persistently persuade the job seekers during job interviews to buy their goods to join the sales business. Job seekers may be persuaded to get an overdraft or to borrow money from financial institutions. Some may eventually go into bankruptcy if they fail to repay the loan and interest. If you find that the job involves hierarchical sharing of commission (i.e. pyramid selling) and the prices of the goods are higher than the market prices; or are asked to pay a large sum of money to join the scheme; and to make profit through recruiting scheme members (including relatives, friends and schoolmates) as your lower-tiered staff rather than selling products, you should decline the job offer.

Trap 2 Vice Traps

Some entertainment establishments may secretly engage in vice activities. Very often these operators would make use of high-paying jobs to attract job seekers. Innocent job seekers will learn the real job nature or working conditions only after signing the contracts. You should be alert and avoid being lured to engage in such activities.

Trap 3 Talent Scout Scams

Some people pose themselves as representatives from modelling agencies or dubbing companies. They may approach internet surfers or passers-by, and convince them that they have great potential to be models in commercials, singers, movie stars or fitting models, thereby inducing them to pay fees for training classes, beauty services or fitness courses; or even audition, recommendation fee or deposits. However, no job may be arranged and the money paid will not be refunded. Some job seekers may even fall into vice traps.

Trap 4 Financial and Investment Scams

Some swindlers pose themselves as operators of foreign exchange investment or marketing companies and offer a handsome pay to enlist job seekers for the posts of clerk, copyist and cleaning staff, etc. After joining the company, job seekers will be persistently encouraged to make investment or to take up investment posts in order to entice them to pour in their own or their relatives’ and friends’ money. In the end, swindlers rip off their money by claiming that there is a loss in investments.

Trap 5 Theft of Personal Data

Under the pretext of recruitment, the culprits solicit important personal data from job seekers, such as information on identity card, bank accounts and credit cards. The personal data obtained will be used for application for loan from banks or financial institutions in the name of the job seekers, who eventually have to bear the responsibility of repaying the loan, or fall into bankruptcy.

Trap 6 Unlawful work

Some criminal gangs manipulate young people to commit unlawful deeds, such as drug trafficking, selling pirated or counterfeit goods, parallel-imported goods, illegal fund raising, debt collection for loan sharks, and money laundering through offering bank account data so that they may get off the hook when the crime is detected by the police. You should refuse to commit illegal deeds to avoid getting into trouble which may ruin your future.

Trap 7 Charging Unreasonable Fees

Some swindlers make up various reasons under the pretext of recruitment to impose unreasonable fees and charges on job seekers, such as registration fee, data processing fee, administration fee and documentation fee, etc. Think twice and discuss with your friends and family members if you are asked to pay fees of any kind to get a job.

Trap 8 Luring Job Seekers to Pursue Further Studies

If you are asked in job interviews to pay fees for training classes or any courses in order to be eligible for the post, you should be alert as this may probably be a bogus recruitment to cheat job seekers’ money.

Trap 9 Fraud Online Recruitment

As online recruitment has become more popular, some scammers post deceptive recruitment messages through discussion forums, social media or smart phone apps to prey upon job seekers. Job seekers are then cheated of property or personal data when chatting on-line. Their personal data could be used to transfer money from their bank accounts or in other crimes. There are also cases that job seekers are promised to be paid for buying Game Cards at convenience stores. Upon receipt of the serial number and PIN number of the Game Card from the job seekers, the scammers would sell the Game Cards for money and disappear into thin air.

Detecting employment traps

There are various employment traps. You can avoid falling into the snares of criminals if you are cautious and prudent.

Below are some methods to detect employment traps:

  • Be realistic and sensible
    Be pragmatic when you search for jobs. Don’t believe in job advertisements requiring barely any experience or qualifications but offering a good sum of money. Check if the salary offered and the job requirements are realistic and commensurate with the market level. You should have general knowledge of the company background, scope of duties and the trade or industry concerned before applying for a job.
  • Be alert when attending interviews
    Mind your personal safety when going for an interview. Avoid going to remote areas alone. Heighten your vigilance if the interview is conducted too hastily or you are offered a job right away without any interview.
  • Don't make payments or produce important documents readily
    Normally, employees are not required to pay fees when they take up a job. Ask for the reasons if you are required to pay fees. Moreover, you should not readily produce personal particulars such as your identity card, bank cards and cheques.
  • Examine the contract terms and additional conditions carefully
    Before you sign a contract, read all the terms carefully, including those stipulated in the staff handbooks. Don’t sign contracts immediately if there are terms that are not clear or unfavourable to you. You should request taking away the contract for study before signing. Companies generally allow prospective candidates to take away the contracts for consideration before signing contracts at a later time.
  • Don’t sign documents readily
    Don’t sign any agreement or authorisation such as bank authorisation if you are in doubt in order to avoid loss.
  • Check whether the scope of duties matches the descriptions in the advertisement or interview
    If you are offered a job, check whether your duties are consistent with the descriptions set out in the job advertisement or discussed during interviews. Moreover, be alert if the employer persuades you to transfer to other posts relating to investment or sales. Refuse unreasonable demands and never take up illegal duties. If you perform any duties against the law, you may commit a crime that will ruin your life.
  • Seek assistance
    Keep abreast of current affairs and beware of the tricks of swindlers. Acquaint yourself with the rights and benefits of an employee. If you have any doubts, consult your family members or friends. Seek advice or assistance from related bodies such as the Police or the Labour Department when necessary.

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Last Review Date: 6 August 2017
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